Trapped by Homework

Dorian Yates explains how to build up your traps when you're short on time.

QUESTION

I’m trying to build up my traps, not for competition, just because I think big traps look great. With school, I don’t have a lot of time. What one exercise would you recommend?

ANSWER

Not enough time to train? That’s not possible — there’s always time to train! Seriously, I can understand the limitations that school can put on someone. Fortunately, the trapezius is a bodypart that doesn’t require a lot of work for it to grow — just a lot of intensity.

If you had asked about traps training earlier in my bodybuilding career, I probably would have suggested either barbell or machine rows and called it a day. However, in 1995, I suffered a relatively minor forearm injury that limited the amount of weight I could lift with my hands in a prone position. Mind you, I was performing my shrugs with up to 650 pounds at the time, so I had to find a way to work around my injury to continue my traps training.

Before the injury, I had never considered doing dumbbell shrugs to work my traps. The equivalent of 650 pounds in dumbbells would be two 325-pounders, and dumbbells that heavy simply don’t exist. I had no other option except to use dumbbells totaling a much lighter weight. At first, I thought I’d lose size in my traps as a result of the lighter weight, but the opposite wound up being the case. The dumbbells allowed a range of motion I couldn’t experience with a barbell. The result was growth and unprecedented traps stimulation from bottom to top. As with all of the other exercises in my routine, there is a specific form that must be adhered to for the dumbbell shrug to be maximally effective.

For this routine, start with a relatively lightweight warm-up set of 12 repetitions. Begin by standing upright with the dumbbells hanging at your sides and your shoulders straight — not hunched forward or pulled back. Pull your shoulders up as high as possible, as if you were trying to pin them against your ears.


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Rotate your shoulders back, squeezing the traps in the process, and then lower the shoulders back to the starting position. I find that keeping my chin tucked into my chest helps to achieve maximum contraction of the trapezius muscles. After the warm-up set, I usually launch into a single working set of 10-12 reps with a heavier weight. Then, when I don’t have the strength to perform another full rep, I start knocking out half — and even quarter — reps, until I can’t possibly move the weight another inch.

A note of caution: do not attempt to keep your arms perfectly straight. Locking your elbows can put severe stress on your joints and lead to injury. If your elbows bend a little as you raise the dumbbells, so be it. If you can bend them enough to turn the movement into a dumbbell raise, it’s an indication that you need heavier weights.

I recommend training traps twice per week, say Monday and Thursday. If you are training your full body — which I hope you are — consider limiting the traps workout to once a week, paired with a shoulder routine. Shoulder training invariably works the traps, especially with exercises like front lateral raises. I’m including a sample shoulder/traps routine to show you how to structure a workout to include both bodyparts.

Good luck with your studies and, more important, good luck developing those traps! Just make sure you finish your homework before hitting the weights. - FLEX

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